Vegetable garden planning, most people hide the vegetable garden as far from the residence as possible because they do not think it pleasing to the eye. I disagree, vegetables may not be flowery but well-organized rows looking healthy and green can make a fine exhibit. To have the vegetable patch adjacent to the kitchen door is also particularly convenient, provided there is an open, sunny space for it.
Even a small garden can make a productive vegetable and fruit area, for most families need only what may be called “convenience” vegetables, that is, summer salad material, snap beans, some tomato plants and herbs. If you have the space, larger crops, such as squash, broccoli, cucumbers and corn can be sited somewhere else, together with a soft fruit area perhaps, if preferred But be warned before you embark on a vegetable garden planning and making. However excited you are there are physical constraints to face.
If you wish to be self-sufficient through the vegetable garden planning of your garden, the planting, care and harvesting of food crops must govern the time you spend outside. To provide enough vegetables for an entire family throughout the year requires an area larger than most gardeners possess. Moreover, the labor is heavy, the time needed substantial if the vegetable garden is to be kept fully productive and in good order, and to be truly organic you will need room and time to maintain a compost cycle.
The resulting vegetables’ are therefore not cheap. Most people, of course, do not price their own time and it is certainly true that homegrown vegetables are more healthy and fresher than those bought from a grocery store. A deep-freeze is an important piece of equipment for anyone growing more than the minimum since whole crops regularly come to completion at the same time and you can end up giving away the bulk of your produces.
It is impracticable to estimate the ideal size for a vegetable area during the vegetable garden planning phase, for it will depend on the size of your family, what you want to grow and how much time you have to tend it. Nevertheless, a vegetable garden measuring 3300ft2 should meet the requirements of a family of four. The location of the garden will establish the plants that will grow best, the balmier the climate, the greater the yield. Production should increase over the years as you gain know-how and enrich the ground.
It is always clever to look around at what other gardeners in your area are achieving and learn from their knowledge of various crops.
If, after taking into consideration during the vegetable garden planning phase of all the factors, you decide to make a vegetable garden, make sure that its shape is strong and simple for it must be able to retain its character despite the continuous change from bare soil to mature crop that occurs as you prepare the soil, grow the crop and harvest it. An audacious, simple design is almost inevitable, since crops are traditionally grown in rows and should be served by hard paths for use throughout the year.
The garden should also be separated into portions, so that different types of vegetables can be grown in different areas each year in rotation. In this way the soil will not become exhausted of any particular nutrient, nor will you promote disease or pests to remain in the soil to feed a second year on a favored host plant.
The vegetable area may be encompassed, and perhaps sub-divided, by some form of low surround. Edging box, a traditional garden surround, wills harbor slugs, which will feed on Brassica (the cabbage family) leaves, so it is healthier to use sage and rosemary for hedging, where hardy. Traditionally, the vegetable garden was walled to keep out pests, and divided within into four sections by wide paths, surrounded with flowers for cutting, or with herbs or trained fruit trees, while other trained fruit trees lined the walls.
There would be a neighboring potting shed, a greenhouse, some frames and a place for storing sand and another for mixed soil, both for proliferation and for making compost.
One of the four working sections contained soft fruit or an asparagus bed or clumps of rhubarb, and possibly herbs, for its contents were semi-permanent. The other three cultivated areas housed crops, which were rotated annually, both to deter soil-borne pests and to maintain a balance of nutrients in different parts of the garden. Those are just some of the items to consider during the vegetable garden planning phase.
The way such a traditional rotation works today is usually in the following manner. Planted in the first bed are leguminous crops (peas and beans), with onions, shallots, leeks, lettuce, celery and radish since they all need well-dug soil with plenty of manure or organic compost built-in.